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Mental Health: Concepts and Determinants

Mental health is a a state of mental wellness that enables individuals to properly handle the stresses of daily life, realize their full potential, study and work. It is an essential component of health and wellbeing that supports our ability to make decisions, develop connections, and have an impact on the world in which we live. Access to mental health services is a basic human right. It is also necessary for the socioeconomic, societal, and individual growth.


Concepts involved in mental health

Mental health issues encompass psychosocial disabilities, mental diseases, and other mental states associated with significant suffering, functional restrictions, or the propensity for self-harm. People with mental health conditions are more likely to have lower levels of mental well-being, though this is not always the case.


Mental health determinants

Over the course of our lives, a variety of individual, social, and structural factors may interact to either improve or worsen our mental health and shift where we are on the mental health continuum.

Due to individual psychological and biological traits including emotional intelligence, substance use, and inheritance, people may be more prone to mental health problems.

The chance of developing mental health issues is also increased by exposure to unfavorable economic, social, environmental, and geopolitical conditions, such as violence, poverty, inequality, and environmental conditions.